Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count? Uncover the Facts

Masturbation, a natural part of human sexuality, often raises questions about its effect on male fertility, particularly regarding the myth ‘Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count?’

This review delves into recent scientific findings to explore if there’s a correlation between masturbation frequency and sperm count levels.

We’ll analyze how lifestyle choices, testosterone levels, and the frequency of this practice impact sperm production, providing valuable insights into male reproductive health.

Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count?

According to Dr. David Shusterman, a certified urologist, masturbation does not cause low sperm count. In fact, it may even improve sperm count and quality. Unlike those assigned female at birth who have a fixed number of eggs, those assigned male at birth continuously generate sperm through spermatogenesis, a process lasting about 42 to 76 days.

After sperm are produced, they can remain stored in the epididymis for several weeks before being reabsorbed by the body. However, as sperm age, their quality and motility can decline. Recent research highlighted in Frontiers in Endocrinology 2022 indicates that sperm can begin to deteriorate after just seven days in storage. Additionally, a 2017 study linked sexual abstinence (NoFap) with reduced sperm quality.

Dr. Shusterman underscores that ejaculating regularly, whether through masturbation or intercourse, helps clear out older sperm, creating space for newer, higher-quality sperm. Therefore, frequent ejaculation is essential for maintaining optimal sperm motility and quality.

For couples trying to conceive, masturbation does not pose a hindrance. Dr. Shusterman stresses that factors such as medications, age, and stress exert a far greater influence on sperm health than masturbation frequency does.

Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count
Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count?

Does Masturbation Decrease Testosterone? 

According to Dr. Shusterman, masturbation does not decrease testosterone levels or negatively affect testes size. Testosterone is primarily regulated by the pituitary gland in the brain, influenced by factors such as body weight, diet, stress, sleep quality, and substance use. However, the temporary fluctuation in testosterone levels immediately after ejaculation does not have a lasting impact on overall testosterone levels.
Additionally, there is no scientific evidence to support the notion that masturbation influences the size, growth, or shrinkage of testes. Dr. Shusterman explains that testicle size is predominantly determined by genetics, hormone levels during puberty, and overall health. Thus, concerns regarding masturbation’s effects on testosterone levels or testes size are unsubstantiated.

The Benefits of Masturbation

Let’s clarify the facts: Masturbation isn’t just a harmless activity—it’s beneficial for your overall health. According to Dr. Carol Queen, a sexologist and educator, solo sex offers a variety of advantages for both physical and mental well-being.
To begin with, masturbation can provide pain relief, improve circulation, boost mood, and alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. It can also contribute to better sleep quality. Additionally, achieving orgasm through masturbation supports prostate health. Research in the European Urology journal indicates that men who ejaculate 21 or more times per month may have a lower risk of prostate cancer compared to those who ejaculate less frequently.
Regular masturbation also helps maintain erectile function, as explained by Forcier, a sexual health expert. The principle of “use it or lose it” applies here—if you don’t engage in enough sexual activity, erectile function may decline. However, excessive masturbation can lead to fatigue or boredom.
Furthermore, masturbation engages pelvic floor muscles, which are essential for achieving strong erections. In addition to physical benefits, there are mental health advantages. Dr. Queen points out that the release of feel-good chemicals during orgasm can elevate mood and reduce stress.
Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count
The Benefits of Masturbation

Tips for Maintaining Healthy Sperm Count Despite Masturbation 

Here are essential tips to maintain a healthy sperm count despite masturbation:
  • Maintain a Balanced Diet: Ensure your diet includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins to provide essential nutrients for healthy sperm production.
  • Engage in Regular Physical Activity: Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days. Physical activity supports overall health and contributes to healthy sperm production.
  • Limit Alcohol Consumption and Quit Smoking: Excessive alcohol intake and smoking are linked to decreased sperm count and quality. Reducing alcohol and quitting smoking can enhance reproductive health.
  • Moderate Masturbation: While natural and normal, excessive masturbation can potentially lower sperm count. Find a healthy balance and avoid compulsive behavior.
  • Seek Medical Advice When Needed: If you observe any changes in reproductive health, such as a decline in sperm count, consult a medical professional promptly. They can identify underlying issues and recommend appropriate treatments.
Maintaining these practices promotes optimal reproductive health and supports healthy sperm production.
Does Masturbation Cause Low Sperm Count
Tips for Maintaining Healthy Sperm Count Despite Masturbation 

How Long Does It Take for the Body to Produce New Sperm? 

The body produces new sperm cells in a process known as spermatogenesis, taking about 64 to 74 days. This vital process occurs in the testicles, where millions of sperm are generated daily. Sperm cells undergo several developmental stages, beginning in the seminiferous tubules of the testicles and progressing to the epididymis for further maturation before becoming fully mature sperm cells. This continuous cycle of production and maturation ensures a constant supply of viable sperm for potential conception.


Dispelling the myth surrounding “Does masturbation cause low sperm count?” reveals that masturbation actually supports sperm quality and reproductive health, rather than harming it. It helps clear out older sperm, making room for fresher and healthier ones, while also offering physical and mental health benefits. Emphasizing overall healthy lifestyle choices is crucial for fertility, with masturbation frequency playing a minor role. When practiced in moderation, masturbation contributes positively to sexual health and overall well-being.

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